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An image illustrating the concept of EU crypto regulation, featuring multiple European Union flags as a symbol of the EU's authority and involvement in cryptocurrency regulation. The flags are prominently displayed, signifying the collective effort of EU member states in regulating digital assets.

MiCA, EU’s Comprehensive New Crypto Regulations Explained

The European Union is poised to become the first major global entity to implement a comprehensive set of new crypto rules, offering legal clarity but also presenting compliance complexities and significant worldwide impacts.

By Mardo Soo

The European Union’s Markets in Crypto Assets regulation, MiCA, is due to take effect in 2024, making it the first major jurisdiction in the world to introduce comprehensive, tailored rules for the sector.

MiCA’s arrival has met great fanfare. France’s Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire hailed it as a “landmark” that “will put an end to the crypto Wild West,” while Binance CEO Changpeng “CZ” Zhao welcomed the “clear rules of the game” for crypto exchanges.

New crypto rules, which aim to facilitate legal certainty for businesses and attract more investment to the region, will apply in 27 countries that collectively represent nearly one-fifth of the global economy.

It’s usually pronounced mee-kuh, by the way. Here’s what the law contains, its controversial issues and what’s next.

Compliance for a MiCa crypto regulation

The Markets in Crypto-Assets Regulation (MiCA), spanning over 150 pages, establishes a regulatory framework adapted from existing EU securities laws. This regulation, however, is not a mere replication of the rules governing stocks and bonds. It uniquely tailors these rules to accommodate the innovative nature of crypto assets, which can be utilized for various purposes like payments and investments. Companies aspiring to provide crypto services within the EU, such as custody, trading, portfolio management, or advising, must obtain authorization from one of the EU's 27 national financial regulators.

Under MiCA European regulation, any firm offering crypto assets to the public is mandated to publish a white paper. This document must be both clear and fair, cautioning potential investors about risks without leading them astray. Distinct from securities prospectuses, these crypto white papers can be issued prior to regulatory approval. The framework also includes measures to prevent market abuse and insider trading, aligning with the safeguards in traditional finance.

While MiCA regulations provide a unified set of guidelines, the enforcement predominantly rests with national regulators. This situation might lead to EU states competing to attract crypto business by implementing these regulations more efficiently. France, for instance, is emerging as a frontrunner in this arena, keen on becoming a European hub for major crypto firms like Binance and Circle. The MiCA regulation marks a significant step in formalizing the crypto market within the EU, ensuring that it adheres to standards similar to those in traditional finance while respecting the unique characteristics of crypto assets.

An image depicting the convergence of the Tether USDT logo with the theme of EU crypto regulation. The Tether logo is at the forefront, encircled by elements representing the EU's cryptocurrency regulatory framework. EU flags are seamlessly incorporated, highlighting the regulatory environment surrounding Tether's operation in the European Union.

Stablecoins under MiCa

Under the Markets in MiCA in the EU, stablecoins regulation receives specific attention due to their unique characteristics and potential impact on financial stability. MiCA classifies stablecoins as a distinct category of crypto assets, requiring issuers to maintain adequate reserves and provide clear evidence of the stability of the backing assets. These measures ensure the stability and reliability of stablecoins, particularly those used for payments. Moreover, issuers of significant stablecoins, which could pose systemic risks, are subject to stricter operational and financial requirements. This approach aims to mitigate the risks associated with stablecoin usage in the financial system, aligning with the EU's broader goal of fostering a safe and innovative digital finance environment.

EU global crypto impact

The influence of the EU's crypto regulation MiCA extends beyond its borders, potentially shaping global crypto standards. 

As a key economic player, the EU's policies serve as benchmarks, shaping global financial trends and regulatory standards. This section explores the EU's role in shaping digital currency futures, emphasizing a balance between innovation and consumer protection.

Key points include the EU's efforts to standardize crypto regulations across its member states, the impact of these regulations on global markets, and the EU's position on blockchain technology, highlighting its potential to transform cross-border transactions and foster financial inclusivity.

Comparatively, we look at Dubai's blockchain initiatives, the UK's post-Brexit digital currency strategies, and the US's influence in global crypto regulation. These comparisons illustrate different regulatory approaches and their interplay with the EU's strategies.

In summary, this section underscores the EU's critical role in the evolving cryptocurrency world, contrasting its approach with other major players like Dubai, the UK, and the US. This provides a concise yet comprehensive view of the EU's influence in the global cryptocurrency sphere.

What’s next for crypto and regulation in the EU?

The new crypto rules in the EU, known as MiCA (regulation on markets in crypto assets), are set to take effect from December 30, 2024, with certain provisions for stablecoins starting earlier in June. This period is intended to allow both the industry and regulators to adequately prepare. However, MiCA is not the final step in EU crypto regulation.

Additional EU laws impacting the crypto sector address concerns such as money laundering, tax evasion, bank capital requirements, cybersecurity, and securities trading using distributed ledger technology. Future regulations might also build on the categories established by MiCA, especially in reference to emerging areas like NFTs and decentralized finance. By mid-2025, the European Commission plans to review the need for further legislation in these areas. European Central Bank Chief Christine Lagarde has suggested the necessity for additional regulation to cover aspects like crypto lending and staking.

In light of recent market disruptions, some voices are advocating for stricter regulations, suggesting a shift away from MiCA's bespoke approach to one more aligned with traditional securities regulations.


Analyzing EU crypto regulations versus Dubai's approach

Navigating the intricate world of crypto and regulation, it becomes imperative to comprehend and compare the frameworks of different jurisdictions like the EU and Dubai. This understanding aids in unearthing the unique benefits and challenges each region presents, thereby aligning them with your business strategies.

In the EU, nations like Estonia and Lithuania shine with their progressive approach towards crypto regulations. Estonia, boasting a 0% corporate tax, becomes a magnet for emerging crypto businesses, while Lithuania, with its simplified licensing procedure and gateway to the broader European market, presents its own set of advantages.

Conversely, Dubai offers a distinct set of benefits. Renowned for its strategic positioning and pro-business environment, Dubai extends crypto licenses via its free zone authority and imposes no tax on crypto investments or trading, thus becoming a favorable hub for worldwide crypto operations.

By juxtaposing EU's crypto regulation with Dubai's, businesses can select the most conducive environment for their ventures. Grasping these diverse landscapes enables businesses to efficiently steer through the regulatory mazes, streamline their operations, and enhance their returns on crypto investments.

Total Price
License type and government fee
10,000€ 1. Cryptocurrency exchange license 2. Crypto wallet and custodian services license
1. 9,700€ - Advisory Services & VA Transfer and Settlement Services
1. Cryptocurrency exchange license 2. Crypto wallet and custodian services license
2. 24,250€ - Broker-Dealer, Custody, Exchange, Lending and Borrowing & VA Management and Investment Services
No additional fee
Required share capital
250,000€ - Cryptocurrency exchange license 100,000€ - Crypto wallet and custodian services license.
24,250€ (Advisory Services) - 194,000€ (Exchange Services)
Share capital payment
25% to start (31,250€), 75% within a year.
Renewal fee
50% of Government fee
Supervision fee
20,000€ - 50,000€
Both monthly and yearly audits are necessary
VARA may mandate its need
Not required
Must have
Must have
AML (Anti-Money Laundry Officer)
Can be any nationality
AML monthly salary
Starting price point: €1,200
Starting price point: €5,000
Starting price point: €1,200
Local director
Open to all nationalities, but living in Estonia is required.
Any nationality
Any nationality

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Consulting24 CEO, Mardo Soo, leading our team to success in the field of EU crypto regulation

Mardo Soo - CEO

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CEO of Consulting24, Mardo personifies the epitome of a professional free crypto advisor. His role transcends the typical scope of client acquisition, instead emphasizing on the establishment and nurturing of sustainable business relationships. His adeptness in navigating the intricacies of the cryptocurrency landscape underlines his extraordinary leadership skills and sets him apart in the industry.

Lena Elvbakken - Founder

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As an influential force within Consulting24, Lena has established a unique position in the sphere of EU crypto regulation consulting. Skillfully leading innovators, she assists them through the complex roadmap of initiating exchanges and token launches in crypto-accepting territories such as Estonia, Lithuania, and Dubai. Her remarkable role in untangling the complex process of establishing a cryptocurrency exchange highlights Consulting24's integral role in driving the international growth of cryptocurrency under the EU regulatory environment.

Consulting24 founder, Lena Elvbakken, leading our team to success in the field of EU crypto regulation
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